Individually tailored self-management app-based intervention (selfBACK) versus a self-management web-based intervention (e-Help) or usual care in people with low back and neck pain referred to secondary care: protocol for a multiarm randomised clinical trial
Marcuzzi, Anna; Bach, Kerstin; Nordstoga, Anne Lovise; Bertheussen, Gro Falkener; Ashikhmin, Ilya; Boldermo, Nora; Kvarner, Else-Norun; Nilsen, Tom Ivar Lund; Marchand, Gunn Hege; Ose, Solveig Osborg; Aasdahl, Lene; Kaspersen, Silje Lill; Bardal, Ellen Marie; Børke, Janne-Birgitte; Mork, Paul Jarle; Gismervik, Sigmund Østgård
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionBMJ Open. 2021, 11 (9), . 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-047921
Introduction: Low back pain (LBP) and neck pain (NP) are common and costly conditions. Self-management is a key element in the care of persistent LBP and NP. Artificial intelligence can be used to support and tailor self-management interventions, but their effectiveness needs to be ascertained. The aims of this trial are (1) to evaluate the effectiveness of an individually tailored app-based self-management intervention (selfBACK) adjunct to usual care in people with LBP and/or NP in secondary care compared with usual care only, and (2) to compare the effectiveness of selfBACK with a web-based self-management intervention without individual tailoring (e-Help). Methods and analysis: This is a randomised, assessor-blind clinical trial with three parallel arms: (1) selfBACK app adjunct to usual care; (2) e-Help website adjunct to usual care and (3) usual care only. Patients referred to St Olavs Hospital, Trondheim (Norway) with LBP and/or NP and accepted for assessment/treatment at the multidisciplinary outpatient clinic for back or neck rehabilitation are invited to the study. Eligible and consenting participants are randomised to one of the three arms with equal allocation ratio. We aim to include 279 participants (93 in each arm). Outcome variables are assessed at baseline (before randomisation) and at 6-week, 3-month and 6-month follow-up. The primary outcome is musculoskeletal health measured by the Musculoskeletal Health Questionnaire at 3 months. A mixed-methods process evaluation will document patients' and clinicians' experiences with the interventions. A health economic evaluation will estimate the cost-effectiveness of both interventions' adjunct to usual care.