Perioperative fatigue in patients with diffuse glioma
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Purpose Few studies have assessed fatigue in relation to glioma surgery. The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of pre- and postoperative high fatigue, perioperative changes, and factors associated with pre- and postoperative high fatigue in patients undergoing primary surgery for diffuse glioma. Methods A total of 112 adult patients were prospectively included. Patient-reported fatigue was assessed before and one month after surgery using the cancer-specific European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer questionnaire fatigue subscale. The scores were dichotomized as high fatigue (≥ 39) or low fatigue (< 39). A change in score of ≥ 10 was considered as a clinically significant change. Factors associated with pre- and postoperative high fatigue were explored in multivariable regression analyses. Results High fatigue was reported by 45% of the patients preoperatively and by 42% of the patients postoperatively. Female gender and low Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) were associated with preoperative high fatigue, while postoperative complications, low KPS and low-grade histopathology were associated with postoperative high fatigue. In total 35/92 (38%) patients reported a clinically significant improvement of fatigue scores after surgery, 36/92 (39%) patients reported a clinically significant worsening of fatigue scores after surgery, and 21/92 (23%) patients reported no clinically significant change in fatigue scores after surgery. Patients with low-grade gliomas more often reported low fatigue before surgery and high fatigue after surgery, while patients with high-grade gliomas more often reported high fatigue before surgery and low fatigue after surgery. Conclusions Our findings indicate that fatigue is a common symptom in patients with diffuse glioma, both pre- and postoperatively. Perioperative changes were frequently seen. This is important knowledge when informing patients before and after surgery.