Penal welfarism og norsk sikkerhetspsykiatri, 1895-1940
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionNordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab. 2019, 106 (1), .
This article presents the early decades of Norwegian forensic psychiatry as a basis for exploring David Garland’s term «penal welfarism». While Garland focuses primarily upon penalties and prisons, I find it relevant to look at a type of sanction not officially defined as punishment according to Norwegian law. Insanity has provided exemption from criminal punishment in Norway since 1842. Yet criminals considered dangerous to themselves or others have been housed in criminal asylums since 1895, which is the same year Garland argues that a transformation in penal strategies occurred in Britain (Garland, 1985).