Effect of Acoustic Radiation Force on the Distribution of Nanoparticles in Solid Tumors.
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Acoustic radiation force (ARF) might improve the distribution of nanoparticles (NPs) in tumors. To study this, tumors growing subcutaneously in mice were exposed to focused ultrasound (FUS) either 15 min or 4 h after the injection of NPs, to investigate the effect of ARF on the transport of NPs across the vessel wall and through the extracellular matrix. Quantitative analysis of confocal microscopy images from frozen tumor sections was performed to estimate the displacement of NPs from blood vessels. Using the same experimental exposure parameters, ARF was simulated and compared to the experimental data. Enhanced interstitial transport of NPs in tumor tissues were observed when FUS (10 MHz, acoustic power 234 W/cm2, 3.3 % duty cycle) was given either 15 min or 4 h after NP administration. According to acoustic simulations, the FUS generated an ARF per unit volume of 2.0 x 106 N/m3. The displacement of NPs was larger when FUS was applied 4h after NP injection compared to after 15 min. This study shows that ARF might contribute to a modest improved distribution of NPs into the tumor interstitium.