Stable incidence but regional differences in retinopathy of prematurity in Norway from 2009 to 2017
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionActa Ophthalmologica. 2020, . 10.1111/aos.14593
Purpose To explore the changes over time and regional differences in the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a national cohort of infants born <28 weeks' gestational age (GA). Methods A population‐based study of infants with GA <28 weeks in Norway from 2009 to 2017. Prospectively collected data on clinical variables and outcomes were obtained from the Norwegian Neonatal Network. Results Of 1499 live‐born infants transferred to a neonatal intensive care unit, 1156 were discharged alive. Four‐hundred and fifty‐eight infants (39.6%) had ROP, 152 (13.1%) had severe ROP, and 110 (9.5%) were treated for ROP. Eleven hundred infants (95.2%) had complete data sets. In a model comprising region of primary care, GA [odds ratios (OR): 0.65; 95% CI: 0.55–0.77], growth velocity (OR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.00–2.00), medically treated patent ductus arteriosus (OR: 1.80; 95% CI: 1.19–2.72), weeks of supplemental oxygen (OR: 1.07; 95% CI: 1.03 to 1.11) and region of primary care (OR: 4.95; 95% CI: 3.05–8.04 for the pair of regions with the highest estimated OR) were significantly associated with severe ROP. Additionally, institutional differences for severe ROP were found, with ORs from 0.41 (95% CI: 0.05–3.23) to 5.36 (95% CI: 3.05–9.43) using the largest institution as reference. Incidences were stable over time after adjusting for GA. A larger proportion was treated with anti‐vascular endothelial growth factor after 2011. Conclusions The incidence of severe ROP was stable between 2009 and 2017 in Norway. Regional and institutional differences need to be explored in future studies.