Risk Factors for Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in a Prospective Population-Based Study
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionStroke. 2019, 50 (10), 2952-2955. 10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.025951
Background and Purpose— We wanted to evaluate potential risk factors for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) in a large, prospective study of the general population with risk factors collected before the detection of UIA or aSAH. Methods— All residents ≥20 years were invited to the HUNT (The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study). In this study, 89 951 participants were included. The study included standardized measurements of blood pressure and self-administered questionnaires. Cases of UIA and aSAH from 1999 to 2014 were identified using hospital records and the Norwegian Cause of Death Register. Hazard ratios with CIs were estimated using Cox regression analysis. Results— The detection rate of UIA was 8.2 per 100 000 person-years (97 patients). Current smoking (hazard ratio, 4.1; 95% CI, 2.4–7.1) and female sex (hazard ratio, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.7–4.5) were associated with markedly increased risk of UIA, but we found no association with systolic blood pressure (P for trend 0.62). The incidence of aSAH was 9.9 per 100 000 person-years (117 patients). The most important risk factors for aSAH were current smoking, female sex and increasing blood pressure (P for trend 0.006 for systolic blood pressure). Conclusions— In contrast to previous studies on risk factors of UIA, we found no association with systolic blood pressure. However, there was a strong association between systolic blood pressure and aSAH in the same population. Current smoking and female sex were associated with both diseases.