NeoDoppler: New ultrasound technology for continous cerebral circulation monitoring in neonates.
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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BACKGROUND: There is a strong need for continuous cerebral circulation monitoring in neonatal care, since suboptimal cerebral blood flow may lead to brain injuries in preterm infants and other critically ill neonates. NeoDoppler is a novel ultrasound system, which can be gently fixed to the anterior fontanel and measure cerebral blood flow velocity continuously in different depths of the brain simultaneously. We aimed to study the feasibility, accuracy, and potential clinical applications of NeoDoppler in preterm infants and sick neonates. METHOD: Twenty-five infants born at different gestational ages with a variety of diagnoses on admission were included. The probe was placed over the anterior fontanel, and blood flow velocity data were continuously recorded. To validate NeoDoppler, we compared the measurements with conventional ultrasound; agreement was assessed using Bland-Altman plots. RESULTS: NeoDoppler can provide accurate and continuous data on cerebral blood flow velocity in several depths simultaneously. Limits of agreement between the measurements obtained with the two methods were acceptable. CONCLUSION: By monitoring the cerebral circulation continuously, increased knowledge of cerebral hemodynamics in preterm infants and sick neonates may be acquired. Improved monitoring of these vulnerable brains during a very sensitive period of brain development may contribute toward preventing brain injuries.NeoDoppler: New ultrasound technology for continous cerebral circulation monitoring in neonates.