Prevalence and predictors of double incontinence 1 year after first delivery
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionInternational Urogynecology Journal. 2018, 29 1529-1535. 10.1007/s00192-018-3577-7
Introduction and hypothesis Urinary (UI) and anal incontinence (AI) are common pelvic floor disorders (PFD), and postpartum women experiencing double incontinence (DI), the combination of UI and AI, tend to have more severe symptoms and a greater impact on quality of life. Our objective was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of postpartum DI and UI alone 1 year after first delivery. Methods In this prospective cohort study, 976 women reported the prevalence of DI and UI alone 1 year after their first delivery in one of two hospitals in Norway using the St Marks score and the ICI-Q UI SF. Results DI was significantly reduced from 13% in late pregnancy to 8% 1 year later, whereas 30% reported UI at both time points. Incontinence in late pregnancy predicted incontinence 1 year after delivery. Higher age was associated with UI alone. Compared with caesarean delivery, normal vaginal or instrumental delivery increased the risk of UI alone more than three and four times respectively. Obstetric anal sphincter injuries showed a four-fold increase in the risk of DI. Conclusions Nearly 50% reported incontinence symptoms 1 year after first delivery. Continence status during pregnancy was one of the main predictors of postpartum continence status. Mode of delivery increased the risk of postpartum UI, whereas obstetric anal sphincter injuries increased the risk of postpartum DI.