Now showing items 2360-2379 of 2387

    • Wake-up stroke and unknown-onset stroke; occurrence and characteristics from the nationwide Norwegian Stroke Register 

      Søyland, Mary-Helen; Eltoft, Agnethe; Øygarden, Halvor; Varmdal, Torunn; Indredavik, Bent; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Introduction: Population-based knowledge of the characteristics of wake-up stroke and unknown-onset stroke is limited. We compared occurrence and characteristics of ischaemic and haemorrhagic wake-up stroke, unknown-onset ...
    • Wake-up stroke and unknown-onset stroke; occurrence and characteristics from the nationwide Norwegian Stroke Register 

      Søyland, Mary-Helen; Tveiten, Arnstein; Eltoft, Agnethe; Øygarden, Halvor; Varmdal, Torunn; Indredavik, Bent; Mathiesen, Ellisiv B. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Introduction: Population-based knowledge of the characteristics of wake-up stroke and unknown-onset stroke is limited. We compared occurrence and characteristics of ischaemic and haemorrhagic wake-up stroke, unknown-onset ...
    • The water channel aquaporin 8 is a critical regulator of intestinal fluid homeostasis in collagenous colitis 

      Escudero-Hernandez, Celia; Münch, Andreas; Østvik, Ann Elisabet; Granlund, Atle van Beelen; Koch, Stefan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background and Aims: Diarrhoea is a common, debilitating symptom of gastrointestinal disorders. Pathomechanisms probably involve defects in trans-epithelial water transport, but the role of aquaporin [AQP] family water ...
    • A Web-Based Communication Tool for Postoperative Follow-up and Pain Assessment at Home After Primary Knee Arthroplasty: Feasibility and Usability Study 

      Rian, Torbjørn; Sand, Kari; Skogvoll, Eirik; Klepstad, Pål; Wik, Tina Strømdal (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Background: We report the use of an electronic tool, Eir (Eir Solutions AS, Norway), for symptom registration at home after knee arthroplasty. This electronic tool was used in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing ...
    • What factors are associated with health‐related quality of life among patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain? A cross‐sectional study in primary health care 

      Garnæs, Kirsti Krohn; Mørkved, Siv; Salvesen, Øyvind; Tønne, Torgrim; Furan, Lars; Grønhaug, Gudmund; Vasseljen, Ottar; Johannessen, Hege Hølmo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Background: Chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) affects daily life function and is the most prevalent disorder in primary health care. The primary objective was to examine demographic factors and pain characteristics ...
    • What have we learned from cerebrospinal fluid studies about biomarkers for detecting LRRK2 Parkinson's disease patients and healthy subjects with Parkinson's-associated LRRK2 mutations? 

      Loeffler, David A.; Aasly, Jan; LeWitt, Peter A.; Coffey, Mary P. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene are the most common known cause of autosomal dominant Parkinson’s disease (PD) and sporadic PD (sPD). The clinical presentation of LRRK2 PD is similar to sPD, and ...
    • What is the current clinico-radiological diagnostic accuracy for intracranial tumours? 

      Majewska, Paulina Luiza; Sagberg, Lisa Millgård; Reinertsen, Ingerid; Gulati, Sasha; Jakola, Asgeir Store; Solheim, Ole (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Objective To determine the diagnostic accuracy of routine clinico-radiological workup for a population-based selection of intracranial tumours. Methods In this prospective cohort study, we included consecutive adult ...
    • When Heritage Becomes Horizon: The Acquisition of Extra-Territorial Citizenship among Lebanese in Argentina 

      Canás Bottos, Lorenzo; Plasil, Tanja (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The sedentariness of the nation-state (emerging from its territoriality) sets it at odds with human mobility of different types and scales, but particularly so with international migration. In this article we are concerned ...
    • Which combined nerve conduction study scores are best suited for polyneuropathy in diabetic patients? 

      Dunker, Øystein; Nilsen, Kristian Bernhard; Olsen, Sandra Elise; Åsvold, Bjørn Olav; Bjørgaas, Marit Ragnhild Rokne; Sand, Trond (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Introduction/Aims Nerve conduction studies (NCS) are widely used in diagnosing diabetic polyneuropathy. Combining the Z scores of several measures (Z-compounds) may improve diagnostics by grading abnormality. We aimed to ...
    • White matter hyperintensities and headache: A population-based imaging study (HUNT MRI) 

      Honningsvåg, Lasse-Marius; Håberg, Asta; Hagen, Knut; Kvistad, Kjell Arne; Stovner, Lars Jacob; Linde, Mattias (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Objective To examine the relationship between white matter hyperintensities and headache. Methods White matter hyperintensities burden was assessed semi-quantitatively using Fazekas and Scheltens scales, and by manual ...
    • White Matter Matters: Unraveling Violence in Psychosis and Psychopathy 

      Tesli, Natalia; Rokicki, Jaroslav; Maximov, Ivan; Bell, Christina; Hjell, Gabriela; Gurholt, Tiril Pedersen; Fischer-Vieler, Thomas; Bang, Nina; Tesli, Martin Steen; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Andreassen, Ole; Melle, Ingrid; Agartz, Ingrid; Rasmussen, Kirsten; Johansen, Ragnhild; Friestad, Christine; Haukvik, Unn Kristin Hansen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Individuals with psychotic disorders have an increased risk of committing acts of violence. Neurobiological support for the extent to which violence in psychosis is driven by psychotic symptoms and/or antisocial traits ...
    • The WHO 2021 Classification of Central Nervous System tumours: a practical update on what neurosurgeons need to know—a minireview 

      Torp, Sverre Helge; Solheim, Ole; Skjulsvik, Anne Jarstein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background The World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumours, also known as WHO Blue Books, represents an international standardised tool in the diagnostic work-up of tumours. This classification system is under ...
    • Who Returns to work? Exploring the Role of Interpersonal Problems in Occupational Rehabilitation 

      Nilsen, David; Nissen, Oda; Nordfjærn, Trond; Hara, Karen Walseth; Stiles, Tore C (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Purpose: Current interventions designed to facilitate return to work (RTW) after long-term sick leave show weak effects, indicating the need for new approaches to the RTW process. The importance of social relationships in ...
    • Why do myeloma patients have bone disease? A historical perspective. 

      Børset, Magne; Sundan, Anders; Waage, Anders; Standal, Therese (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The question of how myeloma cells cause destruction of skeletal tissue has interested scientists for many years, and knowledge in this field has developed in parallel with the understanding of physiological bone remodeling. ...
    • Why the Norwegian 2021 guideline for basic life support are different 

      Bjørshol, Conrad Arnfinn; Nordseth, Trond; Kramer-Johansen, Jo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Medical guidelines provide health care professionals with a framework for how they should treat patients and perform training. Although based on the available scientific evidence, their legitimacy depends on a transparent ...
    • Will (or can) people pay for headache care in a poor country? 

      Lampl, Christian; Steiner, Timothy J.; Mueller, T; Mirvelashvili, E; Djibuti, M; Kukava, M; Dzagnidze, A; Jensen, Rigmor; Stovner, Lars Jacob; Katzarava, Zaza (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      We asked whether attempts to introduce headache services in poor countries would be futile on grounds of cost and unsustainability. Using data from a population-based survey in the Republic of Georgia, an exemplary poor ...
    • Within family Mendelian randomization studies 

      Davies, Neil M.; Howe, Laurence; Brumpton, Ben Michael; Havdahl, Alexandra; Evans, David M.; Smith, George Davey (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Mendelian randomization (MR) is increasingly used to make causal inferences in a wide range of fields, from drug development to etiologic studies. Causal inference in MR is possible because of the process of genetic ...
    • Within-sibship genome-wide association analyses decrease bias in estimates of direct genetic effects 

      Howe, Laurence J.; Nivard, Michel G.; Morris, Tim T.; Hansen, Ailin Falkmo; Rasheed, Humaira; Cho, Yoonsu; Chittoor, Geetha; Ahlskog, Rafael; Lind, Penelope A.; Palviainen, Teemu; van der Zee, Matthijs D.; Cheesman, Rosa Catherine Gillespie; Mangino, Massimo; Wang, Yunzhang; Li, Shuai; Klaric, Lucija; Ratliff, Scott M.; Bielak, Lawrence F.; Nygaard, Marianne; Giannelis, Alexandros; Willoughby, Emily A.; Reynolds, Chandra A.; Balbona, Jared V.; Andreassen, Ole; Ask, Helga; Baras, Aris; Bauer, Christopher R.; Boomsma, Dorret I.; Campbell, Archie; Campbell, Harry; Chen, Zhengming; Christofidou, Paraskevi; Corfield, Elizabeth Claire; Dahm, Christina C.; Dokuru, Deepika R.; Evans, Luke M.; de Geus, Eco J. C.; Giddaluru, Sudheer; Gordon, Scott D.; Harden, K. Paige; Hill, W. David; Hughes, Amanda; Kerr, Shona M.; Kim, Yongkang; Kweon, Hyeokmoon; Latvala, Antti; Lawlor, Deborah A.; Li, Liming; Lin, Kuang; Magnus, Per Minor; Magnusson, Patrik K. E.; Mallard, Travis T.; Martikainen, Pekka; Mills, Melinda C.; Njølstad, Pål Rasmus; Overton, John D.; Pedersen, Nancy L.; Porteous, David J.; Reid, Jeffrey; Silventoinen, Karri; Southey, Melissa C.; Stoltenberg, Camilla; Tucker-Drob, Elliot M.; Wright, Margaret J.; Kweon, Hyeokmoon; Koellinger, Philipp D.; Benjamin, Daniel J.; Turley, Patrick; Howe, Laurence J.; Nivard, Michel G.; Morris, Tim T.; Plomin, Robert; Havdahl, Alexandra; Bartels, Meike; Martin, Nicholas G.; Oskarsson, Sven; Justice, Anne E.; Millwood, Iona Y.; Hveem, Kristian; Willer, Cristen J.; Åsvold, Bjørn Olav; Kaprio, Jaakko; Medland, Sarah E.; Walters, Robin G.; Evans, David M.; Smith, George Davey; Hayward, Caroline; Brumpton, Ben; Hemani, Gibran; Davies, Neil Martin; Hewitt, John K.; Keller, Matthew C.; Stallings, Michael C.; Lee, James J.; Christensen, Kaare; Kardia, Sharon L. R.; Peyser, Patricia A.; Smith, Jennifer A.; Wilson, James F.; Hopper, John L.; Hägg, Sara; Spector, Tim D.; Pingault, Jean-Baptiste; Næss, Øyvind Erik; Davey Smith, George; Brumpton, Ben Michael (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Estimates from genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of unrelated individuals capture effects of inherited variation (direct effects), demography (population stratification, assortative mating) and relatives (indirect ...
    • Women do not utilise family planning according to their needs in southern Malawi: A cross-sectional survey 

      Odland, Maria Lisa; Vallner, Oda; Toch-Marquardt, Marlen; Darj, Elisabeth (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Malawi is a low-income country with a high maternal mortality rate. This study aimed to investigate the use of contraception and factors associated with unmet need of family planning among fertile women in selected health ...
    • Women’s perceptions of and experiences with the use of misoprostol for treatment of incomplete abortion in central Malawi: a mixed methods study 

      Chakhame, Bertha Immaculate; Darj, Elisabeth; Mwapasa, Mphatso; Kafulafula, Ursula Kalimembe; Maluwa, Alfred; Odland, Jon Øyvind; Odland, Maria Lisa (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Background Abortion-related complications are among the common causes of maternal mortality in Malawi. Misoprostol is recommended for the treatment of first-trimester incomplete abortions but is seldom used for post-abortion ...