Increased p53 signaling impairs neural differentiation in HUWE1-promoted intellectual disabilities
Aprigliano, Rossana; Aksu, Merdane Ezgi; Bradamante, Stefano; Mihaljevic, Boris; Wang, Wei; Rian, Kristin; Montaldo, Nicola Pietro; Grooms, Kayla; Martin, Sarah; Bordin, Diana Lilian; Bosshard, Matthias; Peng, Yunhui; Alexov, Emil; Skinner, Cindy; Liabakk, Nina-Beate; Sullivan, Gareth; Bjørås, Magnar; Schwartz, Charles; van Loon, Barbara
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionCell Reports Medicine. 2021, 2 (4), . 10.1016/j.xcrm.2021.100240
Essential E3 ubiquitin ligase HUWE1 (HECT, UBA, and WWE domain containing 1) regulates key factors, such as p53. Although mutations in HUWE1 cause heterogenous neurodevelopmental X-linked intellectual disabilities (XLIDs), the disease mechanisms common to these syndromes remain unknown. In this work, we identify p53 signaling as the central process altered in HUWE1-promoted XLID syndromes. By focusing on Juberg-Marsidi syndrome (JMS), one of the severest XLIDs, we show that increased p53 signaling results from p53 accumulation caused by HUWE1 p.G4310R destabilization. This further alters cell-cycle progression and proliferation in JMS cells. Modeling of JMS neurodevelopment reveals majorly impaired neural differentiation accompanied by increased p53 signaling. The neural differentiation defects can be successfully rescued by reducing p53 levels and restoring the expression of p53 target genes, in particular CDKN1A/p21. In summary, our findings suggest that increased p53 signaling underlies HUWE1-promoted syndromes and impairs XLID JMS neural differentiation.