Intravenous Iron Treatment in the Prevention of Iron Deficiency and Anaemia After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionObesity Surgery. 2020, 30 (5), 1745-1752. 10.1007/s11695-020-04396-5
Background Iron absorption is disturbed after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and iron deficiency with or without anaemia affects almost half of all patients. Intravenous iron is an option when per oral iron is insufficient or not tolerated. This study explores whether routinely offering intravenous iron treatment when iron stores are empty can prevent anaemia and iron deficiency after RYGB. Methods This is a study of prospectively registered data on clinical information, haematological tests and intravenous iron treatment from 644 RYGB patients who underwent surgery between 2004 and 2013, postoperatively followed more than 5 years. Intravenous iron treatment was offered to patients with ferritin ≤ 15 μg/L. Results Clinical information was available for all patients at baseline and for 553/644 patients at 5 years; laboratory results were available for 540/644 patients at baseline and 411/644 patients after 5 years. The mean age was 39.8 (± 9.7) years. Overall, 187/483 (38.7%) women and 9/161 (5.6%) men were given intravenous iron treatment in the observation period. From baseline to 5 years, mean haemoglobin decreased by 0.3 g/dL in both men and women. Anaemia occurred in 18/311 (5.8%) women and 9/100 (9%) men at 5 years. Depleted iron stores (ferritin ≤ 15 μg/L) were seen among 44/323(13.6%) women and 3/102 (2.9%) men, and low iron stores (ferritin 16–50 μg/L) occurred in 144/326 (44.6%) women and 38/102 (37.3%) men 5 years after RYGB. Conclusion By routinely offering intravenous iron treatment to patients with depleted iron stores after RYGB, haemoglobin levels were preserved. Half of the patients experienced low or depleted iron stores at 5 years.