General Health, Vitality, and Social Function After Sinus Surgery in Chronic Rhinosinusitis
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionLaryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology. 2019, 4 (5), 476-483. 10.1002/lio2.299
Objectives Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) has an impact on health‐related quality of life (HRQOL). The objective of this study was to examine generic and disease‐specific HRQOL and symptoms in CRS patients with (CRSwNP) and without (CRSsNP) nasal polyps before and 6 months after sinus surgery, and to identify preoperative patient factors associated with HRQOL outcome in the two groups separately. Methods This prospective, observational study consisted of 220 CRSwNP and 196 CRSsNP patients. Generic and disease‐specific HRQOL were measured using the Short‐Form‐Health‐Survey (SF‐36) and Sino‐Nasal‐Outcome‐Test (SNOT‐20). Symptoms were assessed on a visual analog scale. Results Preoperatively, CRSwNP patients reported worse score in general health (SF‐36), rhinologic subset (SNOT‐20): nasal obstruction, nasal discharge, and altered sense of smell compared to CRSsNP patients, who reported worse score in physical role, bodily pain, ear/face subset, and facial pain. After surgery, generic and disease‐specific HRQOL and symptoms improved in both groups. CRSwNP patients had greater improvement in general health, vitality and social function, nasal obstruction, and altered sense of smell, compared to CRSsNP‐patients. In both groups, higher age, daily smoking, and having had sinus surgery previously were associated with less generic HRQOL improvement, in addition to female sex and allergy in CRSsNP patients. Conclusion The greater improvement in general health, vitality, and social function after surgery may indicate a greater potential for generic HRQOL improvement in CRSwNP patients compared to CRSsNP patients. Female sex and allergy was associated with less improvement of generic HRQOL in the CRSsNP group, but not in the CRSwNP group.