Solid-State High-Voltage Pulse Generator for Low Temperature Plasma Ion Mobility Spectrometry
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 2019, 47 (3), 1629-1636. 10.1109/TPS.2019.2894844
Low-temperature plasma ion mobility spectrometry (LTP-IMS) is the method to identify some materials by measuring concentration of gas phase ions. IMS used in a wide range of laboratory-based biomedical research studies. A nanosecond pulse generator is necessary for LTP-IMS apparatus to enable direct analysis of various chemical compounds without having to evaporate the analyte or seek a solvent or any reagent. In this paper, a dual Marx pulsed generator for LTP-IMS Ionization power supply is proposed based on a new combination of some solid-state switches including insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) and avalanche bipolar junction transistors (BJTs). The compact dual Marx generator is composed of a series of avalanche BJTs and an IGBT as the trigger switch, where its rise time is reduced from 100 to 5 ns by using an avalanche BJT in its command circuit. In this way, a controllable high-voltage pulse generator has designed, built, and tested. The proposed circuit can be used to generate the repetitive high-voltage pulses necessary for low temperature ionization in advanced IMS apparatus. The output voltage has an amplitude of up to 6 kV with pulse widths in the range of 40-1000 ns and pulse repetition rates up to 2 kHz, having rise time and fall time less than 10 ns independent of the load specifications.