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dc.contributor.authorVerma, Deepika
dc.contributor.authorJansen, Duncan
dc.contributor.authorBach, Kerstin
dc.contributor.authorPoel, Mannes
dc.contributor.authorMork, Paul Jarle
dc.contributor.authorOude Nijeweme d’Hollosy, Wendy
dc.description.abstractBackground Patient-reported outcome measurements (PROMs) are commonly used in clinical practice to support clinical decision making. However, few studies have investigated machine learning methods for predicting PROMs outcomes and thereby support clinical decision making. Objective This study investigates to what extent different machine learning methods, applied to two different PROMs datasets, can predict outcomes among patients with non-specific neck and/or low back pain. Methods Using two datasets consisting of PROMs from (1) care-seeking low back pain patients in primary care who participated in a randomized controlled trial, and (2) patients with neck and/or low back pain referred to multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation, we present data science methods for data prepossessing and evaluate selected regression and classification methods for predicting patient outcomes. Results The results show that there is a potential for machine learning to predict and classify PROMs. The prediction models based on baseline measurements perform well, and the number of predictors can be reduced, which is an advantage for implementation in decision support scenarios. The classification task shows that the dataset does not contain all necessary predictors for the care type classification. Overall, the work presents generalizable machine learning pipelines that can be adapted to other PROMs datasets. Conclusion This study demonstrates the potential of PROMs in predicting short-term patient outcomes. Our results indicate that machine learning methods can be used to exploit the predictive value of PROMs and thereby support clinical decision making, given that the PROMs hold enough predictive poweren_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleExploratory application of machine learning methods on patient reported data in the development of supervised models for predicting outcomesen_US
dc.title.alternativeExploratory application of machine learning methods on patient reported data in the development of supervised models for predicting outcomesen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.source.journalBMC Medical Informatics and Decision Makingen_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal