Phase transitions and correlations in fracture processes where disorder and stress compete
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionPhysical Review Research (PRResearch). 2020, 2 (4), . 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.043108
We study the effect of the competition between disorder and stress enhancement in fracture processes using the local load sharing fiber bundle model, a model that hovers on the border between analytical tractability and numerical accessibility. We implement a disorder distribution with one adjustable parameter. The model undergoes a localization transition as a function of this parameter. We identify an order parameter for this transition and find that the system is in the localized phase over a finite range of values of the parameter bounded by a transition to the nonlocalized phase on both sides. The transition is of first order at one side and of second order at the other. The critical exponents characterizing the second-order transition are close to those characterizing the percolation transition. We determine the spatiotemporal correlation function in the localized phase. It is characterized by two power laws as in invasion percolation. We find exponents that are consistent with the values found in that problem.