On Stability and Convergence of Distributed Filters
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionIEEE Signal Processing Letters. 2021, 28 494-498. 10.1109/LSP.2021.3059207
Recent years have bore witness to the proliferation of distributed filtering techniques, where a collection of agents communicating over an ad-hoc network aim to collaboratively estimate and track the state of a system. These techniques form the enabling technology of modern multi-agent systems and have gained great importance in the engineering community. Although most distributed filtering techniques come with a set of stability and convergence criteria, the conditions imposed are found to be unnecessarily restrictive. The paradigm of stability and convergence in distributed filtering is revised in this manuscript. Accordingly, a general distributed filter is constructed and its estimation error dynamics is formulated. The conducted analysis demonstrates that conditions for achieving stable filtering operations are the same as those required in the centralized filtering setting. Finally, the concepts are demonstrated in a Kalman filtering framework and validated using simulation examples.