Phonological Adaptations of Loanwords - A Case Study of the Ewe Language.
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This research studied the extent to which the Ewe grammar shapes the words that are borrowed from other languages, especially, English. In making a loanword blend in with native words, some sounds are changed while others get deleted. And yet, others are introduced into the word, all with the aim of regulating the non-native words to conform to the phonotactics of the Ewe grammar. Sounds that are neutralized mainly do not occur in prominent positions such as initial onsets or initial syllables, and stressed syllable. Illicit clusters in the onset are resolved through the insertion of the high vowels to break such clusters. The findings of this research are in consonance with the positional faithfulness of prominent positions such as onsets and stressed syllable. The variation in adaptation by different speakers of the same language is attributed to the fact that some speakers also have competence in the source language. Monolingual speakers of Ewe use vowel harmony to simplify the insertion of vowels. This research reveals the pedagogical implications for methods used in language teaching and learning.