Induced oxidation and addition of antioxidant before enzymatic hydrolysisof heads of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)–effect on the resulting oiland protein fraction
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonHeliyon. 2021, 7 (4), . 10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06816
The effect of freshness of heads of rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss) for hydrolysing fish protein was investigated. To simulate storage and transportation, hydrogen peroxide and iron was added to minced heads to induce oxidation in the raw material prior to one week of storage. The effect of antioxidant in retarding oxidative changes during hydrolysis or to the raw material was investigated by adding butylated hydroxy toluene (BHT) prior to hydrolysis or storage. Enzymatic hydrolysis was carried out using bromelain and papain. The oil fraction was separated from the water soluble proteins, and the soluble phase was freeze dried. Both the oil fraction and protein fraction from enzymatic hydrolysis was affected by oxidative state of raw material. FFA was significantly higher in those FPH made from raw material added pro-oxidants, addition of antioxidant did not affect the level of FFA. The solubility of proteins in dried fish protein hydrolysates (FPH) decreased significantly when using oxidized raw material. Although addition of antioxidant improved the solubility, it was still significantly lower compared to those FPHs not added pro-oxidants. The FPH with decreased solubility also had higher levels of carbonyl groups which indicate protein oxidation. However, the oxidative state of raw material did not affect fatty acid composition in oil fraction or the amino acid composition in the FPH.