Metabolic Profiling of Glucose-Fed Metabolically Active Resting Zymomonas mobilis Strains
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionMetabolites. 2020, 10 (3), 10.3390/metabo10030081
Zymomonas mobilis is the most efficient bacterial ethanol producer and its physiology is potentially applicable to industrial-scale bioethanol production. However, compared to other industrially important microorganisms, the Z. mobilis metabolome and adaptation to various nutritional and genetic perturbations have been poorly characterized. For rational metabolic engineering, it is essential to understand how central metabolism and intracellular redox balance are maintained in Z. mobilis under various conditions. In this study, we applied quantitative mass spectrometry-based metabolomics to explore how glucose-fed non-growing Z. mobilis Zm6 cells metabolically adapt to change of oxygen availability. Mutants partially impaired in ethanol synthesis (Zm6 adhB) or oxidative stress response (Zm6 cat) were also examined. Distinct patterns of adaptation of central metabolite pools due to the change in cultivation condition and between the mutants and Zm6 reference strain were observed. Decreased NADH/NAD ratio under aerobic incubation corresponded to higher concentrations of the phosphorylated glycolytic intermediates, in accordance with predictions of the kinetic model of Entner–Doudoroff pathway. The effects on the metabolite pools of aerobic to anaerobic transition were similar in the mutants, yet less pronounced. The present data on metabolic plasticity of non-growing Z. mobilis cells will facilitate the further metabolic engineering of the respective strains and their application as biocatalysts.