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dc.contributor.authorBårdstu, Hilde Bremseth
dc.contributor.authorAndersen, Vidar
dc.contributor.authorFimland, Marius Steiro
dc.contributor.authorAasdahl, Lene
dc.contributor.authorRaastad, Truls
dc.contributor.authorCumming, Kristoffer Toldnes
dc.contributor.authorSæterbakken, Atle Hole
dc.identifier.citationEuropean Review of Aging and Physical Activity. 2020, 17 .en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Aging is associated with reduced muscle mass and strength leading to impaired physical function. Resistance training programs incorporated into older adults’ real-life settings may have the potential to counteract these changes. We evaluated the effectiveness of 8 months resistance training using easily available, low cost equipment compared to physical activity counselling on physical function, muscle strength, and body composition in community-dwelling older adults receiving home care. Methods: This open label, two-armed, parallel group, cluster randomized trial recruited older adults above 70 years (median age 86.0 (Interquartile range 80–90) years) receiving home care. Participants were randomized at cluster level to the resistance training group (RTG) or the control group (CG). The RTG trained twice a week while the CG were informed about the national recommendations for physical activity and received a motivational talk every 6th week. Outcomes were assessed at participant level at baseline, after four, and 8 months and included tests of physical function (chair rise, 8 ft-up-and-go, preferred- and maximal gait speed, and stair climb), maximal strength, rate of force development, and body composition. Results: Twelve clusters were allocated to RTG (7 clusters, 60 participants) or CG (5 clusters, 44 participants). The number of participants analyzed was 56–64 (6–7 clusters) in RTG and 20–42 (5 clusters) in CG. After 8 months, multilevel linear mixed models showed that RTG improved in all tests of physical function and maximal leg strength (9–24%, p = 0.01–0.03) compared to CG. No effects were seen for rate of force development or body composition. Conclusion: This study show that resistance training using easily available, low cost equipment is more effective than physical activity counselling for improving physical function and maximal strength in community-dwelling older adults receiving home care.en_US
dc.publisherBMC (part of Springer Nature)en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleEffectiveness of a resistance training program on physical function, muscle strength, and body composition in community-dwelling older adults receiving home care: A cluster-randomized controlled trialen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.source.journalEuropean Review of Aging and Physical Activityen_US
dc.description.localcode© The Author(s). 2020, corrected publication 2020. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( 0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the dataen_US

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