Infrared measurements of glucose in peritoneal fluid with a tuneable quantum cascade laser
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionBiomedical Optics Express. 2020, 11 (7) 10.1364/BOE.393617
Fast and accurate continuous glucose monitoring is needed in future systems for control of blood glucose levels in type 1 diabetes patients. Direct spectroscopic measurement of glucose in the peritoneal cavity is an attractive alternative to conventional electrochemical sensors placed subcutaneously. We demonstrate the feasibility of fast glucose measurements in peritoneal fluid using a fibre-coupled tuneable mid-infrared quantum cascade laser. Mid-infrared spectra (1200–925 cm−1) of peritoneal fluid samples from pigs with physiological glucose levels (32–426 mg/dL, or 1.8–23.7 mmol/L) were acquired with a tuneable quantum cascade laser employing both transmission and attenuated total reflection (ATR) spectroscopy. Using partial least-squares regression, glucose concentrations were predicted with mean absolute percentage errors (MAPEs) of 8.7% and 12.2% in the transmission and ATR configurations, respectively. These results show that highly accurate concentration predictions are possible with mid-infrared spectroscopy of peritoneal fluid, and represent a first step towards a miniaturised optical sensor for intraperitoneal continuous glucose monitoring.