The expression of the long NEAT1_2 isoform is associated with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancers
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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OriginalversjonScientific Reports. 2020, 10:1277 1-14. 10.1038/s41598-020-57759-4
The long non-coding RNA NEAT1 locus is transcribed into two overlapping isoforms, NEAT1_1 and NEAT1_2, of which the latter is essential for the assembly of nuclear paraspeckles. NEAT1 is abnormally expressed in a wide variety of human cancers. Emerging evidence suggests that the two isoforms have distinct functions in gene expression regulation, and recently it was shown that NEAT1_2, but not NEAT1_1, expression predicts poor clinical outcome in cancer. Here, we report that NEAT1_2 expression correlates with HER2-positive breast cancers and high-grade disease. We provide evidence that NEAT1_1 and NEAT1_2 have distinct expression pattern among different intrinsic breast cancer subtypes. Finally, we show that NEAT1_2 expression and paraspeckle formation increase upon lactation in humans, confirming what has previously been demonstrated in mice.