Event-related potential from EEG for a two-step Identity Authentication System
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionIEEE Conference on Industrial Informatics. 2019, 2019-July 392-399. 10.1109/INDIN41052.2019.8972231
Current problems related to high-level security access are increasing, leaving organizations and persons unsafe. A recent good candidate to create a robust identity authentication system is based on brain signals recorded with electroencephalograms (EEG). In this paper, EEG-based brain signals of 56 channels, from event-related potentials (ERPs), are used for Subject identification. The ERPs are from positive or negative feedback-related responses of a P300-speller system. The feature extraction part was done with empirical mode decomposition (EMD) extracting 2 intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) per channel, that were selected based on the Minkowski distance. After that, 4 features are computed per IMF; 2 energy features (instantaneous and teager energy) and 2 fractal features (Higuchi and Petrosian fractal dimension). Support vector machine (SVM) was used for the classification stage with an accuracy index computed using 10-folds cross-validation for evaluating the classifier's performance. Since high-density EEG information was available, the well-known backward-elimination and forward-addition greedy algorithms were used to reduce or increase the number of channels, step by step. Using the proposed method for subject identification from a positive or negative feedback-related response and then identify the subject will add a layer to improve the security system. The results obtained show that subject identification is feasible even using a low number of channels: E.g., 0.89 of accuracy using 5 channels with a mixed population and 0.93 with a male-only population.