Predicting Resistivity and Permeability of Porous Media Using Minkowski Functionals
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionTransport in Porous Media. 2019, . 10.1007/s11242-019-01363-2
Permeability and formation factor are important properties of a porous medium that only depend on pore space geometry, and it has been proposed that these transport properties may be predicted in terms of a set of geometric measures known as Minkowski functionals. The well-known Kozeny–Carman and Archie equations depend on porosity and surface area, which are closely related to two of these measures. The possibility of generalizations including the remaining Minkowski functionals is investigated in this paper. To this end, two-dimensional computer-generated pore spaces covering a wide range of Minkowski functional value combinations are generated. In general, due to Hadwiger’s theorem, any correlation based on any additive measurements cannot be expected to have more predictive power than those based on the Minkowski functionals. We conclude that the permeability and formation factor are not uniquely determined by the Minkowski functionals. Good correlations in terms of appropriately evaluated Minkowski functionals, where microporosity and surface roughness are ignored, can, however, be found. For a large class of random systems, these correlations predict permeability and formation factor with an accuracy of 40% and 20%, respectively.