A routing and cross-layering approach for energy and bandwidth efficiency in Wireless Sensor Networks
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A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) consists of a large number of small, low-cost and low-power wireless sensing nodes. WSNs can gather information about the environment automatically and unattended and are suitable for many applications. The typical characteristic of WSNs is that they are energy and bandwidth constrained. Hence, routing protocols and algorithms for WSN must aim to conserve these two scarce resources. WSNs are also highly application-specific. This mean, firstly, that there is a tight bound between the application layer and the different protocol layers. Secondly, there are some WSN target applications that require certain protocol functionality that is not mandatory for other WSNs. In other words, both the general challenges and the specific application challenges must be addressed. This thesis aims to address routing in WSNs both from a general and an application specific perspective. Among the general energy-and bandwidth related topics the work in this thesis focuses on aggregation and routing-efficiency. Among the application-related topics the work focuses on localization and interoperability. The main contributions are: • A method for letting the routing protocol contribute in node localization. • A method for increasing the energy and bandwidth utilization with passive clustering. • A method for increasing the energy and bandwidth utilization using multiple sinks. • A data-aggregation scheme for WSNs that interoperates with external networks via a standardized interface. • A hybrid routing mechanism that are able to operate in high-interference scenarios. • Lessons learned from a real-world test campaign of a surveillance WSN.
Består avFlathagen, Joakim; Korsnes, Reinert. Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks based on Ad hoc Routing and Evolutionary Computation. MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS CONFERENCE, 2010 (MILCOM 2010): 1062-1067, 2010. 10.1109/MILCOM.2010.5680202.
Flathagen, Joakim; Drugan, Ovidiu Valentin; Engelstad, Paal E.; Kure, Oivind. Increasing the Lifetime of Roadside Sensor Networks using Edge-Betweenness Clustering. 2011 IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMMUNICATIONS (ICC), 2011. 10.1109/icc.2011.5962642.
Flathagen, Joakim; Kure, Øivind; Engelstad, Paal Einar. Constrained-based Multiple Sink Placement for Wireless Sensor Networks. workshop proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Systems, 2011. 10.1109/MASS.2011.88.
Flathagen, Joakim; Johnsen, Frank T.. Integrating Wireless Sensor Networks in the NATO Network Enabled Capability using Web Services. MILITARY COMMUNICATIONS CONFERENCE, 2011 - MILCOM 2011 Conference proceedings: 828-833, 2011. 10.1109/MILCOM.2011.6127780.
Flathagen, Joakim; Larsen, Erlend; Engelstad, Paal E.; Kure, Oivind. O-CTP. PROCEEDINGS OF THE 37TH ANNUAL IEEE CONFERENCE ON LOCAL COMPUTER NETWORKS (LCN 2012): 943-951, 2012. 10.1109/LCNW.2012.6424086.
Flathagen, J.; Korsnes, R.; Pham, V.; Mjelde, T. M.; Sander, J.. Experiences from deploying a Wireless Sensor Network for Military Base Protection. .