Impacts of onshore wind energy production on birds and bats: recommendations for future life cycle impact assessment developments
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionThe International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. 2018, 23 (10), 2007-2023. 10.1007/s11367-017-1434-4
Models for quantifying impacts on biodiversity from renewable energy technologies are lacking within life cycle impact assessment (LCIA). We aim to provide an overview of the effects of wind energy on birds and bats, with a focus on quantitative methods. Furthermore, we investigate and provide the necessary background for how these can be integrated into new developments of LCIA models in future.