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dc.contributor.authorVinsnes, Anne Guttormsen
dc.contributor.authorHelbostad, Jorunn L.
dc.contributor.authorNyrønning, Signe
dc.contributor.authorHarkless, Gene E.
dc.contributor.authorGranbo, Randi
dc.contributor.authorSeim, Arnfinn
dc.identifier.citationClinical Interventions in Aging. 2012, 7 45-50.nb_NO
dc.description.abstractBackground: Residents in nursing homes (NHs) are often frail older persons who have impaired physical activity. Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common complaint for residents in NHs. Reduced functional ability and residence in NHs are documented to be risk factors for UI. Objective: To investigate if an individualized training program designed to improve activity of daily living (ADL) and physical capacity among residents in nursing homes has any impact on UI. Materials and methods: This randomized controlled trial was a substudy of a Nordic multicenter study. Participants had to be >65 years, have stayed in the NH for more than 3 months and in need of assistance in at least one ADL. A total of 98 residents were randomly allocated to either a training group (n = 48) or a control group (n = 50) after baseline registrations. The training program lasted for 3 months and included accommodated physical activity and ADL training. Personal treatment goals were elicited for each subject. The control group received their usual care. The main outcome measure was UI as measured by a 24-hour pad-weighing test. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups on this measure at baseline (P = 0.15). Changes were calculated from baseline to 3 months after the end of the intervention. Results: Altogether, 68 participants were included in the analysis, 35 in the intervention group and 33 in the control group. The average age was 84.3 years. The 3 months' postintervention adjusted mean difference between groups according to amount of leakage was 191 g (P = 0.03). This result was statistically significant after adjusting for baseline level, age, sex, and functional status. The leakage increased in residents not receiving the experimental intervention, while UI in the training group showed improvement. Conclusion: The intervention group had significant better results compared with the control group after an individualized training program designed to improve ADL and physical capacity. Further studies are needed to evaluate the effect of a goal-oriented physical training program toward NH residents UI complaints.nb_NO
dc.rightsNavngivelse-Ikkekommersiell 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleEffect of physical training on urinary incontinence: a randomized parallel group trial in nursing homesnb_NO
dc.typeJournal articlenb_NO
dc.typePeer reviewednb_NO
dc.source.journalClinical Interventions in Agingnb_NO
dc.description.localcodeThis work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms. CC-BY-NCnb_NO
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for samfunnsmedisin og sykepleie
cristin.unitnameInstitutt for nevromedisin og bevegelsesvitenskap

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Navngivelse-Ikkekommersiell 4.0 Internasjonal
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