Foresight Future Skills in Digitalisation Era: The Role of Participatory Design in Simulation-based Maritime Education
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A few studies in the maritime domain utilize participatory design (PD) in ship design workshops, however, none of them addresses a full picture of how PD can make changes in simulation-based maritime education. In this reflection paper, we answer how PD can help to foresight future skills in the maritime domain, especially on how to use simulators to support increasing competence of seafarers and in turn to redesign simulators to support maritime education. In this paper, we aim to uplift the experimental skills of current debate from normal science to a socially embedded marine technology, addressing collaborative and innovative research activities, to enable all participants (seafarers, trainers, technicians, authorities etc.) to share their experiences so a joint recognition of needed future skills can be reached. Along with the exchange of experiences, we assert that the supported simulations and simulator techniques could be designed to achieve sustainable growth for all participants as well as the upcoming digitalisation era in the maritime domain.