Using EEG for Mental Fatigue Assessment: A Comprehensive Look Into the Current State of the Art
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonIEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems. 2019, . 10.1109/THMS.2019.2938156
This paper provides a brief survey of recent developments on the use of electroencephalogram (EEG) sensors for detecting mental fatigue (MF) in human operators during tasks involving human-machine interaction. This research topic has received much attention since there is a consensus among experts on the increasing relation between human failure and accidents in safety-critical tasks. MF is one of the most influential aspects leading to human failure and the most reliable way to assess it is using operator's physiological data, especially EEG. In the past few decades, hundreds of publications have explored the use of EEG alone or together with other objective and subjective measures for assessing MF, drowsiness, and tiredness in human operators. With recent improvements in data preprocessing, feature extraction, and classification algorithms, the monitoring and mitigation of MF in real time has become a reality. This trend is mainly due to the increasing use of machine learning techniques. This paper provides a comprehensive look at the current state of the art in the field of MF detection using EEG, identifying the currently used technique, algorithms, and methods and possible trends and promising areas for further research. The paper is concluded by suggesting a kernel partial least squares– discrete-output linear regression (KPLS-DLR) based model as an all-around good option for an MF assessment system.