A gender study: Children's perspective of gender in a Co-Educational School in Iran
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Children’s perspectives of gender mostly are shaped by the society and culture they are living and grow up in. This present study has goal to explore perspectives and experiences of Iranian children in a co-educational system school. Specifically, the research is seeking to look at gender from children’s views, perspectives and their experiences in their daily lives. The social studies of children and childhood, furthermore the structuration theories have built up the theoretical background which this study has been conducted by. By this, there was an effort to consider children as active individual with agency, also they have been considered as social group who are affected by the structuration of the society and the culture they are living in. A sample of 18 children who are living in Tehran, Iran were recruited for the research. Their age was from eight to nine years old. Participant Observation focus Group Discussion, in-Depth SemiStructured Interview, body-Mapping and Drawings were using in this research to collect data in fieldwork. The data which has been collected during fieldwork, has been used in analysis process. The findings of this study have covered aspects which can be influenced by gender and the experiences of the children on those aspects, furthermore it will discuss features of the society and culture which had influenced individuals’ perspectives of gender. The gender has been seen a topic which cannot be discussed publicly and appear to be a delicate topic to be touched upon. Furthermore, the gender itself had influence on individuals’ lives as living in a specific gender, also the gender has affected the peer relationship in way that individuals’ peer group, relationship has been made of specific gender and perspectives of individuals on the gender of themselves or the opposite gender. Also, gender was considered a delicate topic to be placed in public and focus on it. The separation of the gender was another reason for gender influence in society and culture. Based on analysis which has been made through the research, the conclusion marked that gender as a social structure can influence individuals lives, furthermore it shows that gender itself can be affected by other social structure which has been made by individuals in the society. Moreover, individuals are finding ways to cooperate with the gender aspects in their daily lives.