Control of a Time-Variant 1–D Linear Hyperbolic PDE using Infinite-Dimensional Backstepping
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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We derive a state-feedback controller for a scalar 1-D linear hyperbolic partial differential equation (PDE) with a spatially-and time-varying interior-domain parameter. The resulting controller ensures convergence to zero in a finite time d 1 , corresponding to the propagation time from one boundary to the other. The control law requires predictions of the in-domain parameter a time d 1 into the future. The state-feedback controller is also combined with a boundary observer into an output-feedback control law. Lastly, under the assumption that the interior-domain parameter can be decoupled into a time-varying and a spatially-varying part, a stabilizing adaptive output-feedback control law is derived for an uncertain spatially varying parameter, stabilizing the system in the L 2 -sense from a single boundary measurement only. All derived controllers are implemented and demonstrated in simulations.