Epitaxial K0.5Na0.5NbO3 thin films by aqueous chemical solution deposition
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionRoyal Society Open Science. 2019, 6 180989-?. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.180989
We report on an environmentally friendly and versatile aqueous chemical solution deposition route to epitaxial K0.5Na0.5NbO3 (KNN) thin films. The route is based on the spin coating of an aqueous solution of soluble precursors on SrTiO3 single crystal substrates followed by pyrolysis at 400°C and annealing at 800°C using rapid thermal processing. Strongly textured films with homogeneous thickness were obtained on three different crystallographic orientations of SrTiO3. Epitaxial films were obtained on (111) SrTiO3 substrates, while films consisting of an epitaxial layer close to the substrate followed by an oriented polycrystalline layer were obtained on (100) and (110) SrTiO3 substrates. A K2Nb4O11 secondary phase was observed on the surface of the thin films due to the evaporation of alkali species, while the use of an NaCl/KCl flux reduced the amount of the secondary phase. Ferroelectric behaviour of the films was investigated by PFM, and almost no dependence on the film crystallographic orientation was observed. The permittivity and loss tangent of the films with the NaCl/KCl flux were 870 and 0.04 (100-orientation) and 2250 and 0.025 (110-orientation), respectively, at 1 kHz.