Manually steerable catheter with improved agility
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionClinical Medicine Insights: Cardiology. 2018, 12 1-4. 10.1177/1179546817751432
Purpose: A prototype steerable catheter was designed for endovascular procedures. This technical pilot study reports the initial experience using the catheter for cannulation of visceral arteries. Technique: The 7F catheter was manually steerable with operator control handle for bending and rotation of the tip. The maximum bending angle was approximately 90° and full 360° rotation of the tip was supported. The study involved 1 pig with 4 designated target arteries: the left and right renal arteries, the superior mesenteric artery, and the celiac trunk. Fluoroscopy with 3-dimensional (3D) overlay showing the ostia from preoperative computed tomography angiography was used for image guidance. The cannulation was considered successful if the guidewire was placed well inside the target artery. In addition to evaluating cannulation success, procedure time and associated radiation doses were recorded. The procedure was performed twice with 2 different operators. Conclusions: Both operators successfully reached all 4 target arteries, demonstrating the feasibility of the steerable catheter for endovascular cannulation of visceral arteries. No contrast medium was used, and median radiation dose was 4.5 mGy per cannulation. An average of approximately 2 minutes was used per cannulation. This study motivates further testing in a more comprehensive study to evaluate reproducibility in several animals and with inclusion of more operators. Further development by integrating the new catheter tool in a navigation system is also an interesting next step, combining fine control of catheter tip movements and 3D image guidance without ionizing radiation.