Dynamic impact of heavy long vehicles with equally spaced axles on short-span highway bridges
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionBaltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering. 2018, 13 (1), 1-13. 10.3846/bjrbe.2018.382
Extremely large trucks with a weight exceeding the standard require a permit before they are allowed to cross the bridges of a specific route. For the purpose of safety, an escort is often employed to maintain a distance between ve-hicles and to ensure that the bridge load remains below the allowed maximum. Given that the speed of these large vehi-cles is quite slow and that the amplitude of vibrations normally declines when the vehicle mass is large, a minor dynamic amplification of the bridge response is expected. However, some of these large trucks have a unique feature characterized by “multiple equally-spaced axles”, something that is uncommon in normal vehicle. The application of axle forces at equal intervals dynamically excite bridges to a considerable extent, even at low speeds. These “critical” low speeds are estimated a priori from the axle spacing of the truck and the main frequency of vibration of the bridge. This paper demonstrates that when the “critical” speed is unavoidable, a relatively high dynamic allowance must be added to static calculations before granting a permit to a long heavy vehicle.