Optimal Operation of a Stand-Alone Power Supply using Artificial Intelligence
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- Institutt for elkraftteknikk 
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a collective term for several computing techniques. They have in common that they use non-linear algorithms and that they are inspired from different processes in the nature, in particular how human beings make decisions. The use of AI for optimal operation of a stand-alone power plant has been investigated. This includes prediction, estimation, optimization and control. A presentation of some relevant AI techniques are given. A comparison with classical approaches such as for example PI control was made. The new techniques that were investigated proved to be very powerful and should be used more frequently than it is used today. AI techniques are especially promising for supervisorial control, but can also be used to control converters directly. A controller for a DC/DC boost converter was developed. It proved to be significantly better than a classical PI controller. Whether the computing time is shorter or faster than for classical approaches depends on the application. Compared to PI controllers the AI algorithms have a long computing time. Compared to classical wind power prediction techniques on the other hand AI techniques are very fast. A disadvantage with AI is the lack of rules for deciding the inner structure of the algorithms.