Alternative appraoches to development : solving the water problem in Kenya : a case of Majiko
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- Institutt for geografi 
To solve the issues and problems related to development in the developing countries, the development assistance given by aid agencies and organisations have long been the solution. However, the current development ideologies and focus of the global community might not be the best environment to conduct this type of assistance. The growing presence of businesses and companies in to the development arena with the purpose to boost the development makes up an interesting aspect where a new set of actors are emerging. This thesis attempts to explore the effects of, the working methods and relevance of the development assistance in a time where the aid industry is being criticised for limited outcomes. Because of this, I have attempted to look at the alternative approaches to aid, to see if this might be a solution for the future. I have done this by examining the work of Majiko on water services as an alternative approach, and the work conducted by aid agencies and organisations, hereby represented by the Norwegian Church Aid. I have used qualitative methods during the collection of data in the field, and during the analysis process. The various aspects of the qualitative methods are emphasised, and how they relate to and might have affected my research. In the analytical chapters I discuss the fundamental weaknesses of aid in relation to alternative approaches, namely sustainability, participation and ownership. A special emphasis will also be given to how external factors such as donors and recipients, and the global community affects the work. I have also examined Majiko and how its working methods can be used by the aid industry to improve and optimise the development outcomes. The aspects of how they use one problem to target many development related challenges and payment for a service is considered as the major innovations of Majiko that the aid agencies and organisation can adopt.