Unaccompanied Minor Refugees Leaving Care - A phenomenological study of three unaccompanied minor refugees' experiences og leaving public care
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Unaccompanied minors’ experiences of the process of leaving care is the topic of this thesis. In Trondheim, the exit from public care usually happens at the age of 20. My research is carried out by interviewing three adolescents who differ in sex, outcome of the transition and country of origin. They differ strongly in how they relate to the transition and what seems to have been important to them as they were taking their first steps towards life without public support. The method used to conduct the research, is qualitative, with a phenomenological research design. Data was collected by using a semi structured interview. The theoretical framework used in the thesis is theories of resilience, attachment theory, the theory of self-efficacy, a theory about transitions and research literature about relation, trauma and care leaving. All these perspectives have given valuable insight to the complex processes of leaving care. The way that working models of attachment influence resilience factors, self-efficacy and relational learning is discussed, and so are the dynamics that unfold in how these interact with each other. Individual attachment experiences seem to be fundamental to these processes, and I therefore suggest some interventions to how one in the future may work even better with unaccompanied minors that carry within them unresolved issues of attachment. These suggestions involve stable and long-term relationships to contact persons who are specialized at working with such issues.