An Artificial Immune System Approach to Preserving Security in Computer Networks
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It is believed that many of the mechanisms present in the biological immune system are well suited for adoption to the field of computer intrusion detection, in the form of artificial immune systems. In this report mechanisms in the biological immune system are introduced, their parallels in artificial immune systems are presented, and how they may be applied to intrusion detection in a computer environment is discussed. An artificial immune system is designed, implemented and applied to detect intrusive behavior in real network data in a simulated network environment. The effect of costimulation and clonal proliferation combined with somatic hypermutation to perform affinity maturation of detectors in the artificial immune system is explored through experiments. An exact expression for the probability of a match between two randomly chosen strings using the r-contiguous matching rule is developed. The use of affinity maturation makes it possible to perform anomaly detection by using smaller sets of detectors with a high level of specificity while maintaining a high level of cover and diversity, which increases the number of true positives, while keeping a low level of false negatives.