NEIL3-Dependent Regulation of Cardiac Fibroblast Proliferation Prevents Myocardial Rupture
Olsen, Maria Belland; Hildrestrand, Gunn Annette; Scheffler, Katja; Vinge, Leif Erik; Alfsnes, Katrine; Palibrk, Vuk; Wang, Junbai; Neurauter, Christine Gran; Gomez, Luisa Fernanda Luna; Johansen, Jostein; Øgaard, Jonas; Ohm, Ingrid Kristine; Slupphaug, Geir; Kusnierczyk, Anna; Fiane, Arnt E; Brorson, Sverre Henning; Zhang, Lili; Gullestad, Lars; Louch, William Edward; Iversen, Per Ole; Østlie, Ingunn; Klungland, Arne; Christensen, Geir Arve; Sjaastad, Ivar; Sætrom, Pål; Yndestad, Arne; Aukrust, Pål; Bjørås, Magnar; Finsen, Alexandra
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionCell reports. 2017, 18, 82-92. 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.12.009
Myocardial infarction (MI) triggers a reparative response involving fibroblast proliferation and differentiation driving extracellular matrix modulation necessary to form a stabilizing scar. Recently, it was shown that a genetic variant of the base excision repair enzyme NEIL3 was associated with increased risk of MI in humans. Here, we report elevated myocardial NEIL3 expression in heart failure patients and marked myocardial upregulation of Neil3 after MI in mice, especially in a fibroblast-enriched cell fraction. Neil3−/− mice show increased mortality after MI caused by myocardial rupture. Genome-wide analysis of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) and 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) reveals changes in the cardiac epigenome, including in genes related to the post-MI transcriptional response. Differentially methylated genes are enriched in pathways related to proliferation and myofibroblast differentiation. Accordingly, Neil3−/− ruptured hearts show increased proliferation of fibroblasts and myofibroblasts. We propose that NEIL3-dependent modulation of DNA methylation regulates cardiac fibroblast proliferation and thereby affects extracellular matrix modulation after MI.