Towards a real-time measurement platform for microgrids in isolated communities
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionProcedia Engineering. 2016, 159 94-103. 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.08.070
This paper describes a platform for obtaining and analyzing real-time measurements in Microgrids. A key building block in this platform is the Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) used to analyze the electrical voltage and current waveforms to identify the instantaneous frequency and amplitude of the monocomponents of the original signal. The method was used to analyse the frequency fluctuation and obtain information about the linearity of electrical current and voltage waveforms measured in the field. Comparison between grid-connected and stand-alone microgrid voltage and currents' monocomponents were conducted. Fluctuations in the grid frequency occurred in both the grid-connected and stand-alone microgrid, but the degree of the observed fluctuations were different, revealing more apparent nonlinear distortions in the latter. The observed instantaneous frequency from the collected data indicates potential nonstationary electrical signals when compared to synthetic data containing periodic signals coming from nonlinear loads. This observation leads us to expect the next generation of real-time measuring devices for the micro power grids to be designed on the principle of instantaneous frequency detection. Further efforts will be directed to a more rigorous characterization of the nonstationary nature of the signals by analyzing more and longer set of data.