Estimation and Computation of Ice-Resistance for Ship Hulls
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- Institutt for marin teknikk 
The oil price continues to increase while oil companies search for oil in new areas. There is assumed that 25% of the world s hydrocarbons are located in the arctic area. Operating in these areas will be a huge challenge due to extreme low temperatures and ice condition Today one can predict with good accuracy how a ship will manage in different ice condition. Research on ship operating in ice the last decades has resulted in many different formulas for predicting ice resistance on a ship hull. Analytical and numerical methods are developed to estimate the resistance working on the ship hull under different ice conditions. Model test will still be the most accurate prediction, but the other methods may give you some guidelines on what to expect. This thesis contain a theoretically study of ice physics and mechanics. The formation and development of sea ice has been reviewed. The Ice Load Monitoring system tested on the Norwegian coast guard vessel KV Svalbard is described. Three different analytical ice resistance calculation methods are described. The three methods are Lindqvist (1989), Keinonen et al. (1996) and Riska et al. (1997). Data obtained from the Ice Load Monitoring system are used to estimate the full scale ice resistance on KV Svalbard. The three analytical methods are calculated with KV Svalbard as a reference ship to be able to compare with the full scale measurements. MATLAB is used for the calculations.