Modelling Flash Floods Driven by Rain-on-Snow Events Using Rain-on-Grid Technique in the Hydrodynamic Model TELEMAC-2D
Peer reviewed, Journal article
MetadataShow full item record
Due to the changing climate, flash floods have been increasing recently and are expected to further increase in the future. Flash floods caused by heavy rainfall with snowmelt contribution due to sudden rises in temperature or rain-on-snow events have become common in autumn and winter in Norway. These events have caused widespread damage, closure of roads and bridges, and landslides, leading to evacuations in the affected areas. Hence, it is important to analyze such events. In this study, the rain-on-grid technique in the TELEMAC-2D hydrodynamic model was used for runoff modelling and routing using input of snowmelt, and precipitation partitioned on snow and rain was calculated via the hydrological model HBV. The results show the importance of including snowmelt for distributed runoff generation and how the rain-on-grid technique enables extracting flow hydrographs anywhere in the catchment. It is also possible to extract the flow velocities and water depth at each time step, revealing the critical locations in the catchment in terms of flooding and shear stresses. The rain-on-grid model works particularly well for single peak events, but the results indicate the need for a time-varying curve number for multiple peak flood events or the implementation of another infiltration model.