In silico analysis provides insights for patient-specific annuloplasty in Barlow's disease
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionJTCVS open. 2023, 13 95-105. 10.1016/j.xjon.2023.01.007
Objective To predict the required mitral annular area reduction in patients with Barlow's disease to obtain a predefined leaflet area index by a novel in silico modeling method. Methods Three-dimensional echocardiography was used to create patient-specific mitral valve models of 8 patients diagnosed with Barlow's disease and bileaflet prolapse preoperatively. Six patients were also studied postoperatively in a finite element framework, to quantify the optimal coaptation area index. For the patient-specific finite element analyses, realistic papillary muscle and annular motion are incorporated, also for the in silico annuloplasty analyses. The annuloplasty ring size is reduced moderately until the optimal coaptation area index is achieved for each patient. Results The mean mitral annular area at end-diastole was reduced by 58 ± 7% postoperatively (P < .001), resulting in a postoperative coaptation area index of 20 ± 5%. To achieve the same coaptation area index with moderate annular reductions and no leaflet resection the annular reduction was 31 ± 6% (P < .001). Conclusions In silico analysis in selected patients diagnosed with Barlow's disease demonstrates that annuloplasty with only moderate annular reduction may be sufficient to achieve optimal coaptation as compared to conventional surgical procedures.