The effect of equilibration time on Al uptake in C-S-H
Peer reviewed, Journal article
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionCement and Concrete Research. 2021, 144 . 10.1016/j.cemconres.2021.106438
Calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H) is the main hydration product of Portland cements. The partial replacement of Portland cements by supplementary cementitious materials can result in C-S-H with lower Ca/Si ratios and more aluminum and alkalis. The effect of equilibration time on Al uptake in C-S-H was investigated using equilibration times from 7 days up to 3 years. Lower Al concentrations were measured in the solution after longer equilibration times. In addition, a higher uptake of Al in C-S-H was observed based on the decrease in the content of secondary phases. Little further decrease in Al concentrations was observed after 2 years and longer at low Ca/Si. At high Ca/Si no significant change in solution concentrations was observed after more than 3 month, while the destabilization of secondary phases continued up to 1 year, indicating that a (meta)stable equilibrium was reached faster at higher Ca/Si ratios.