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dc.contributor.authorBarzgar, Sonya
dc.contributor.authorYan, Yiru
dc.contributor.authorTarik, Mohamed
dc.contributor.authorSkibsted, Jorgen
dc.contributor.authorLudwig, Christian
dc.contributor.authorLothenbach, Barbara
dc.identifier.citationMaterials and Structures. 2022, 55 (10), .en_US
dc.description.abstractProduction of blended cements in which Portland cement is combined with supplementary cementitious materials (SCM) is an effective strategy for reducing the CO2 emissions during cement manufacturing and achieving sustainable concrete production. However, the high Al2O3 and SiO2 contents of SCM change the chemical composition of the main hydration product, calcium aluminate silicate hydrate (C–A–S–H). Herein, spectroscopic and structural data for C–A–S–H gels are reported in a large range of equilibration times from 3 months up to 2 years and Al/Si molar ratios from 0.001 to 0.2. The 27Al MAS NMR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis indicate that in addition to the C–A–S–H phase, secondary phases such as strätlingite, katoite, Al(OH)3 and calcium aluminate hydrate are present at Al/Si ≥ 0.03 limiting the uptake of Al in C–A–S–H. More secondary phases are present at higher Al concentrations; their content decreases with equilibration time while more Al is taken up in the C–A–S–H phase. At low Al contents, Al concentrations decrease strongly with time indicating a slow equilibration, in contrast to high Al contents where a clear change in Al concentrations over time was not observed indicating that the equilibrium has been reached faster. The 27Al NMR studies show that tetrahedrally coordinated Al is incorporated in C–A–S–H and its amount increases with the amount of Al present in the solution.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleA long-term study on structural changes in calcium aluminate silicate hydratesen_US
dc.title.alternativeA long-term study on structural changes in calcium aluminate silicate hydratesen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.source.journalMaterials and Structuresen_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal