Nondisturbing extremum seeking control for multi-agent industrial systems
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Industrial applications of extremum seeking control (ESC) can be a hit and miss affair. Although a gain in performance can be achieved, the dither applied to excite the system causes unwanted fluctuations in the performance of the system. The fluctuations in systems with a single extremum seeking loop are generally small. However, for systems with many extremum seeking loops, the fluctuations in each loop may add up to an intolerable amount of fluctuation in the total performance. In this article, we propose a method to cancel the dither-induced fluctuations in the overall system performance to a large extent by smartly constructing the dither signals in each extremum seeking loop using a centralized coordinator. The novelty of our method lies in the direct calculation of the dither signals that avoids the heavy computations required by other methods. Moreover, we provide a solvability analysis for the problem of cancelling dither-induced fluctuations in the total performance of the system. Furthermore, a complete stability analysis of the overall ESC scheme with dither coordination is given.