Impact of High-Pressure Processing (HPP) on Selected Quality and Nutritional Parameters of Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. Botrytis)
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionApplied Sciences. 2022, 12 . 10.3390/app12126013
In recent years, innovative food processing methods, such as high-pressure processing (HPP) treatment, have been shown to improve food quality. The purpose of this work was to determine the effects of high-pressure processing (HPP; 400 and 600 MPa for 2 or 5 min, 20 °C) of cauliflower. Microbial shelf-life (total aerobic count and spores), texture, color, drip loss, dry matter, antioxidative capacity, total phenolic content, and ascorbic acid were analyzed before and after processing, as well as during storage (4 °C) for up to 42 days. Among the different treatments, HPP at 600 MPa exhibited low microbial counts between days 14 and 28 of storage, while at 400 MPa already had high bacterial counts between days 7 and 14. HPP at both 400 and 600 MPa was the best method to maintain the color during storage. The texture of the cauliflower did not differ from the control during storage for HPP. For all samples, the dry matter content remained stable during storage, with few differences between treatments. The nutritional quality of high-pressure-processed cauliflower at 600 MPa for 2 min remained high until day 28. The overall results of this study demonstrate that HPP has the potential to preserve the quality of cauliflower.