Nutritionally Enriched Muffins from Roselle Calyx Extract Using Response Surface Methodology
Peer reviewed, Journal article
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionFoods. 2022, 11 (24), . 10.3390/foods11243982
Hibiscus sabdariffa, often called Roselle, is a flowering plant with a variety of traditional medicinal uses. Its calyx, with a bright and attractive red color, produces a tart and pleasant acidic taste. The purpose of this study was to develop a Roselle muffin and assess the acceptability, nutrition, and shelf life of the muffin using its ingredients. The muffin was developed using different formulations in different proportions resulting from Response Surface Methodology (RSM). Sensory parameters were used to assess the muffin’s acceptability. According to the findings, the combination of extract volume 45.37 mL, citric acid 1.11 g, and sodium bicarbonate 1.67 g produces the best muffin, with the panelist’s sensory scores reaching up to 84%. The outcome of the study suggests muffins baked with the Roselle calyx extract have high antioxidant (12.53 ± 0.13)%, anthocyanin (126.63 ± 1.96) mg Cyn-3-glu/100 g, phenolic (12.91 ± 0.69) mg GAE/100 g, and ascorbic acid (12.10 ± 0.89) mg/100 g contents. The microbial shelf life of the developed muffin is estimated to be 6 days at room temperature. The study findings can therefore be utilized in the development of foods containing Roselle calyx extract.