Advanced exergy analysis of the oil and gas processing plant on an offshore platform: A thermodynamic cycle approach
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionEnergy Reports. 2023, 9 820-832. doi.org/10.1016/j.egyr.2022.12.021
Ambitious targets on reduction of greenhouse-gas emissions have motivated further studies to improve energy efficiency in offshore gas and oil production. Identifying the causes of inefficiencies and the improvement potentials within these processes is crucial. The oil and gas processing plant on a North Sea platform is evaluated by advanced exergy analysis for a real production day. The study focuses on components and sub-systems with high exergy destruction through conventional exergy analysis in previous research. Splitting the exergy destruction into endogenous and exogenous parts provides information about mutual interdependencies among the system components. The results show that the inefficiencies of compressors are attributed to their inherent irreversibility, while the exergy destruction within the coolers could particularly be reduced by improving the remaining system components. Further, the total exergy destruction avoidable by improving each single component determines the importance of the components. The results indicate that the compressors have relatively large exergy saving potential (14% of total power consumption), while it is relatively low for coolers. Advanced exergy analysis suggests an optimization sequence different from the conventional exergy analysis. The findings indicate that the improvement efforts should be focused essentially on the compressors, especially for the recompression compressors with anti-surge operations.