Finite element modelling and experimental verification of timber halved and tabled scarf joints
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Carpentry joints are very common in existing timber structures and they may gain attention for contemporary structures, due to their high degree of reversibility. Therefore, reliable Finite Element (FE) models for carpentry joints can contribute to assessing their capacity and provide a better insight into the parameters influencing their mechanical properties. This paper presents a FE study (using Abaqus) of timber halved-and-tabled scarf joints, together with experimental results. The FE-model considers fracture due to combined shear and tension perpendicular-to-grain by using cohesive zone modelling. Experimental tests on spruce solid timber specimens were performed to validate the model. The specimens were constructed by the use of a CNC-machine. For comparative purposes, two handmade specimens were tested, resulting in a lower load capacity. The FE results showed that initial gaps have a considerable effect on capacity. For certain assumed initial gaps, the FE-model could predict the capacity, however, it underestimated the deformation.